Montesquieu Institute: from science to society

Prof. dr. M. Hildebrandt

Prof. dr. M. (Mireille) Hildebrandt

Mireille Hildebrandt is a tenured Research Professor on 'Interfacing Law and Technology' at Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB), appointed by the VUB Research Council. She works with the research group on Law Science Technology and Society studies (LSTS) at the Faculty of Law and Criminology. She also holds the part-time ‘Chair of Smart Environments, Data Protection and the Rule of Law’ at the Science Faculty, at the Institute for Computing and Information Sciences (iCIS) of Radboud University in Nijmegen.

Her research interests concern the implications of automated decisions, machine learning and mindless artificial agency for law and the rule of law in constitutional democracies. By June 2018 she has published 4 scientific monographs, 21 edited volumes or special issues, and over 100 chapters and articles in scientific journals and volumes. Her most recent monograph is ‘Smart Technologies and the End(s) of Law’.

In 2018 she was awarded an ERC Advanced Grant (2.5 million euro) for the fundamental research project ‘Counting as a Human Being in the Computational Law’ (CoHuBiCoL), on the cusp of law and computer science.



  • Lecturer in criminal law, Leiden University, from 1992 to 1994
  • Assistant and associate professor in legal theory, Erasmus University, from 1994 to 2015
  • Full professor 'Smart Environments, Data Protection and the Rule of Law’, Radboud University Nijmegen, since 2011
  • Research professor ‘Interfacing Law and Technology’, Free University Brussels, since 2015


Key Advisory and Editorial Boards (past and present) e.g.:

  • Expert advisory board of the ‘Netherlands Review Committee of the Intelligence and Security Services’ (CTIVD)
  • Council of advice of the ‘Netherlands Bar Association’ (NOvA)
  • Appeals board ‘SIDN’ (.nl-domain)
  • Editor-in-chief, Netherlands Journal on Legal Philosophy (NJLP)
  • Associate editor, Criminal Law and Philosophy
  • Editorial board of the journals Critical Analysis of Law, New Criminal Law Review, International Journal for the Semiotics of Law
  • Standing identification committee to support the ‘ERC Scientific Council’
  • Founding member of thinktank ‘Digital Enlightenment Forum’
  • Expert of the ‘Onlife Initiative’, Digital Agenda for Europe EC (Digital Futures)



  • Master degree in Private Law, Leiden University
  • Phd in Legal Philosophy, Erasmus University, attained degree (cum laude)


Key publications

  • "Profiling the European Citizen: Cross-Disciplinary Perspectives" (co-editor book, 2008)
  • "Extraterritorial Jurisdiction to Enforce in Cyberspace? Bodin, Schmitt, Grotius in Cyberspace" (article, 2013)
  • "Radbruch’s Rechtsstaat and Schmitt’s Legal Order: Legalism, Legality, and the Institution of Law" (article, 2015)
  • "Information, freedom and property" (co-editor book, 2016)
  • "Law as information in the era of data-driven agency" (article, 2016)
  • "Law as Computation in the era of artificial legal intelligence: Speaking law to the power of statistics" (article, 2018)

Keynotes e.g.

  • “Slaves to big data, or are we?” Conference on Internet, Law and Politics (IDP), Open University Catalunya, Barcelona 2013
  • “Law as information in the era of data-driven agency”, Chorley Lecture of the Modern Law Review, London School of Economics 2015
  • “Leaning as a machine”, Learning Analytics and Knowledge Society, Edinburgh University 2016
  • “From law as information to law as computation”, Innovation Policy Colloquium, New York University 2017
  • “Magical Thinking in Machine Learning”, Web Science Institute, University of Southampton 2017
  • “Privacy as the protection of the incomputable self”, Critical Analysis of Law, University of Toronto 2018